Facts and factors affecting infant's learning development
When you become a parent, you will always want to give your kids the best in life. That is why many parents focus on their kid’s development. In fact, a person’s ability to learn and their performance later on in life is very much linked to their early development , so be sure to start them early!
Why early development is crucial?
Firstly, take a look at the 4 common elements of learning theories :
|(1)Cognitive development||A child’s ability to think and understand|
|(2) Central Nervous System Maturation||Increases the speed at which children process information during formative years|
|(3) Use of physical motor skills and senses (includes emotions)||Empowers children to explore their world and develop cognitive understanding|
|(4) Stimulation/ environmental interaction||Promotes social interaction and social skills development|
Your child will need to develop all the four elements of these learning theories as they continue to grow and absorb the information all around them.
(1) Cognitive development
A child’s ability to think and understand will shape their reasoning and problem solving skills. It will also have an impact on his information retention ability (memory). All these capabilities play a large role in learning.
(2) Central nervous system maturation
Growth and development of your baby’s brain and eyes begin in the womb itself.
Ultimately, sound brain and eye development leads to normal cognition—the combination of both brain and eye function.
Rapid brain development happens early on in life. In fact, a 3-year-old toddler’s brain is twice as active as an adult’s, making them especially susceptible to experiences that might alter their future.
Eye development also starts in utero and continues after birth . Vision contributes as much as 80% to cognitive function and learning. The ability of an infant or child to also teaches them to make cognitive connections, adding on to the learning process.
(3) Use of physical motor skills and senses
A child’s overall development of muscles, bones, and tissue accretion also affect their learning ability. They use large muscle groups to sit, stand, walk, run, keep balance, and change positions. Physical growth and the development of motor skills can positively impact a child’s ability to learn by enabling him or her to better interact with his or her environment.
(4) Stimulation/Environmental interaction
Starting from birth, infants learn how to make sense of their world through interactions with their parents. This teaches them how to interact with others, including developing relationships, cooperating, and responding to the feelings of others, which are factors that play important roles in helping infants and children develop emotional and social skills.
This will eventually lead them to learn how to self-regulate—including self-soothing, self- control, emotional awareness, and empathy. All these play a critical role for their success in school, work, and life.
For example, preschoolers who can manage their emotions can focus on learning tasks rather than being overwhelmed by feelings, ultimately leading to better outcomes. It is important for parents to note that a foundation of strong, positive emotional and social skills can help maximize a young child’s chances for success later in life.
Parents who want to focus on giving their children the best learning environment possible should surround their kids with:
- Language (hearing, talking, singing, and being read to)
- Play areas and toys
- A healthy family socioeconomic status
- Positive child-care and parenting behaviour
Nutrition plays a crucial role in your baby’s development
At the crux of it, nutrition is still incredibly important for parents to focus on when having their child’s development in mind .
Physical and biological development are influenced by nutrition, which can positively (or negatively) impact an infant’s or child’s ability to learn. Good nutrition is always stressed by nutritionists, experts, doctors and other parents. These are some nutrients and how they can aid your child’s mental and physical development.
|Nutrient||Role in supporting mental development|
|DHA||Supports visual and cognitive development|
|Choline||Supports memory development|
|Lutein||Supports visual development and may support brain development. It also contains an antioxidant that filters harmful blue light|
|Phospholipids (including sphingomyelin)||Fundamental component of cell membranes, especially in nerve cells; sphingomyelin is a building block of myelin, a fatty membrane formation around neuronal axons that supports the efficient transportation of information throughout the brain|
|Iron||Supports mental (cognitive) and motor development|
|Vitamin B12||Key to supporting growth and maintenance of nerve tissue|
|Folate||Supports neurologic development|
|Vitamin A||Essential for low-light and colour vision|
|Nutrient||Role in supporting physical growth and development|
|Carbohydrates||An essential source of energy for growing infants and children|
|Fats||Main source of energy for infants; necessary for absorption of fat-soluble vitamins; essential for normal growth and maturation of many organ systems|
|Oligofructose||Supports digestive health as a source of prebiotic fiber|
|Calcium||Essential for bone mineralization and growth|
|Iodine||Necessary for the production of hormones that play a role in growth and development; especially important for brain development|
|Nucleotides||Important for normal development, maturation, and repair of the digestive system and other rapidly growing tissues|
|Selenium||Plays a role in both the immune and endocrine systems. It is also an antioxidant.|
|Vitamin E||Antioxidant that helps support immune system function|
|Vitamin C||Important for immune system function and helps with iron absorption|
|Zinc||Critical for normal physical growth, neurologic development, and immune system function|
iHow Poor Nutrition Affects Child Development. Available at http://www.livestrong.com/article/338611-nutrition-for-6-year-old-kids/. Accessed on October 6 2017.
iiPrenatal Form and Function – The Making of an Earth Suit. Available at http://www.ehd.org/dev_article_unit8.php#eyelidsgrow. Accessed on October 6 2017.
iiiThe Importance of Nutrition in Early Childhood Development. Available at https://novakdjokovicfoundation.org/importance-nutrition-early-childhood-development/.. Accessed on October 6 2017..